Hubungan Bisnis dan Supply Chain Information antara Disperinaker dan Industri Kecil Menengah

Dio Febrilian Tanjung, Aulia Oktaviana, Gilang Muhamad Noer, Suci Larasati, Zati Hulwani, Eko Sediyono, Aris Puji Widodo

Abstract


Abstrak

IKM sebagai salah satu penyumbang ekonomi daerah, dirasa penting untuk mempertahankan dan meningkatkan IKM tersebut. Pemerintah melalui Disperinaker memiliki fungsi dalam membantu IKM untuk bertahan dan meningkatkan keterampilan, agar IKM mampu bersaing dengan usaha besar lainnya. Hubungan yang terjadi antara IKM dan Disperinaker dapat dikatakan sebagai hubungan bisnis karena terjadi pertukaran informasi serta kerja sama yang saling menguntungkan antara kedua belah pihak. Hubungan bisnis ini bisa saja dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor. Penelitian ini mengukur seberapa besar pengaruh faktor sosial, budaya, teknologi, waktu dan geografis terhadap hubungan bisnis antara IKM dan Disperinaker. Supply Chain Information yang terjadi antara Disperinaker dan IKM juga ditelusuri pada penelitian ini, menjelaskan bagaimana arus informasi yang beredar antar kedua mitra ini. Mengetahui arus informasi antar kedua mitra ini dapat memberikan gambaran terkait pengembangan lebih lanjut baik pemanfaatan teknologi pada proses supply chain information tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah mixed methods dengan tipe desain convergent parallel. Dengan menggunakan regresi linear berganda, menunjukkan bahwa variabel teknologi memiliki pengaruh berarti. Selain itu supply chain information yang terjadi antara Disperinaker dan IKM yaitu pengadaan pelatihan, menampilkan produk di ruang pameran dan mengikuti kegiatan pameran yang diadakan oleh Disperinaker.

Kata Kunci: hubungan bisnis, supply chain management, supply chain information, teknologi informasi

Abstract

IKM is considered important to maintain and increase itselves as one of the contributors to the regional economy. The goverment through Disperinaker has a function in helping IKM to survive and improve skills, so that IKM can compete with other big businesses. The relationship occured between IKM and Disperinaker can be said to be a business relationship because there is an exchange of information and mutually beneficial cooperation between two parties. This business relationship may be influenced by several factors. This study measures how much influence social, cultural, technological, time and geographical factors have on the business relationship between IKM and Disperinaker. Supply Chain Information occured between Disperinaker and IKM is also traced to explain how the flow of information circulating between these two partners. Knowing the flow of information between them can provide an overview regarding the further development of better technology utilization in the supply chain information process. The method used is mixed methods with parallel convergent design type. By using multiple linear regression, it shows that the technology variable has a significant effect. In addition, the supply chain information occured between Disperinaker and IKM is the provision of training, displaiying products in the exhibition hall and participating in exhibition activities held by the Disperinaker.

Keywords: business relationships, supply chain management, supply chain information, technology information


Full Text:

PDF

References


C. Lindh, “Business Relationships and Integration of Information Technology,” Malarden University, 2006.

C. Harland, J. Telgen, G. Callender, R. Grimm, and A. Patrucco, “Implementing Government Policy In Supply Chains: An International Coproduction Study of Public Procurement,” J. Supply Chain Manag., Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 6–25, 2019.

A. Verma and N. Seth, “A Conceptual Framework for Supply Chain Competitiveness,” World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol., Vol. 81, No. January 2011, pp. 903–908, 2011.

P. Ekman, “Enterprise System and Business Relationship,” Malardalen University, Sweden, 2006.

L. Bagdoniene and R. Zilione, “Business to Business Relationships: The Variables In The Context Of Success,” Soc. Sci., Vol. 4, No. 66, pp. 16–25, 2009.

A. Waylen, “The Importance of Communication In Dentistry,” Dent. Update, Vol. 44, No. 8, pp. 774–780, 2017.

L. Schmeltz, “Identical or Just Compatible? The Utility of Corporate Identity Values In Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility,” J. Bus. Commun., Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 234–258, 2014.

W. . Arrindell, “Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations Across Nations,” Behav. Res. Ther., Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 861–862, 2003.

I. Geiger and M. Kleinaltenkamp, Instruments of Business Relationship Management, No. January. 2015.

C. J. Medlin, “Interaction In Business Relationships: A Time Perspective,” Ind. Mark. Manag., Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 185–193, 2004.

M. Johanson, “the Impact of Geographical Proximity and Technology on Firms ’ R & D- Operations,” Business, No. Wilson 1995, pp. 1–12, 2005.

C. Arysta, P. Pradana, and T. Domai, “Peran Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Dalam Pemberdayaan Pengrajin Kerajinan Perak Sebagai Produk Unggulan Daerah,” J. Adm. Publik, No. 1, pp. 95–101, 2012.

H. Asy’ari, “Peranan Disperindagkop & Ukm Dalam Mempromosikan Produk Ikm Di Yogyakarta,” 2015.

A. F. Fadirianto and M. S. Hakam, “Peranan Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah,” J. Adm. Bisnis, Vol. 58, No. 1, pp. 147–155, 2018.

V. Albino, N. Carbonara, and I. Giannoccaro, “Supply Chain Management Models For Industrial Districts: An Agent-Based Simulation Study,” Int. J. Intell. Syst. Technol. Appl., Vol. 6, No. 3–4, pp. 332–348, 2009.

I. Giannoccaro and P. Pontrandolfo, “Inventory Management In Supply Chains: A Reinforcement Learning Approach,” Int. J. Prod. Econ., Vol. 78, No. 2, pp. 153–161, 2002.

Michael Maloni and W. C. Benton, “Power Influences In The Supply Chain,” J. Bus. Logist., Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 49–74, 2000.

P. D. Larson, P. Carr, and K. S. Dhariwal, “Scm Involving Small Versus Large Suppliers: Relational Exchange and Electronic Communication Media,” J. Supply Chain Manag., Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 18–29, 2005.

Z. Lotfi, M. Mukhtar, S. Sahran, and A. T. Zadeh, “Information Sharing In Supply Chain Management,” Procedia Technol., Vol. 11, No. Iceei, pp. 298–304, 2013.

G. Kong, S. Rajagopalan, and H. Zhang, “Revenue Sharing and Information Leakage In A Supply Chain,” Manage. Sci., Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 556–572, 2013.

D. Ariani and B. M. Dwiyanto, “Analisis Pengaruh Supply Chain Management Terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan (Studi Pada Industri Kecil dan Menengah Makanan Olahan Khas Padang Sumatera Barat),” J. Stud. Manaj. Organ., Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 132–141, 2013.

A. Vafaei-Zadeh, T. Ramayah, H. Hanifah, S. Kurnia, and I. Mahmud, “Supply chain information integration and its impact on the operational performance of manufacturing firms in Malaysia,” Inf. Manag., vol. 57, no. 8, p. 103386, 2020.

J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. SAGE Publications, 2014.

G. Guest and P. Fleming, “Mixed Methods Research,” 2015, pp. 581–610.

P. Sugiyono, Metode penelitian kombinasi (mixed methods). 2015.

P. Sugiyono, “Metodologi penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R&D,” Alpabeta, Bandung, 2011.

X. Yan, Linear Regression Analysis: Theory and Computing. World Scientific Publishing Company Pte Limited, 2009.

R. Olkkonen, H. Tikkanen, and K. Alajoutsijärvi, “The role of communication in business relationships and networks,” Manag. Decis., vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 403–409, 2000.

P. Fiala, “Information sharing in supply chains,” Omega, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 419–423, 2005.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32520/stmsi.v10i1.1141

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 51 times
PDF - 21 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.